Fine, smooth, short and glossy
Silver, apricot, fawn or black, black mask
Loyal, affectionate, quiet and docile
A Pug is a toy dog breed with a wrinkly face
and medium-small body. The word "Pug" may
have derived from the Latin Pugnus (fist); the
Pug's face can look like a clenched fist.
The current breed standards call for a compact form, deep chest, and well-developed
muscle. Their heads, carried on arched necks, should be substantial and round, the
better to accentuate their large, bulging, dark eyes. The wrinkles on their foreheads
should be distinct and deep, and were especially prized by the Chinese as they
seemed to spell out the character for prince. The ears should be smooth and soft, like
black velvet. The lower teeth should protrude farther than their upper, meeting in an
Pugs are very sociable dogs, and usually very stubborn. They are playful, charming and
clever and are known to succeed in dog obedience skills. Pugs are sensitive to the tone
of a human voice, so harsh punishment is generally unnecessary. While Pugs mostly
get along well with other dogs and pets, they generally prefer the company of humans
and require lots of attention.
The breed was first imported in the late 16th and 17th centuries by merchants and
crews from the Dutch East Indies Trading Company. The Pug later became the official
dog of the House of Orange. In 1572, a Pug saved the Prince of Orange's life by barking
at an assassin.