8 - 11 inches
Long, straight with a soft, fluffy undercoat
Friendly, active and lively
3 - 7 pounds
Queen Charlotte first introduced the Pomeranian
to English nobility, however; the Pom gained
international popularity when her granddaughter
Victoria returned from vacation in Florence, Italy
with a Pomeranian named Marco.
The Pom's coat is its glory, two coats, an undercoat and a top coat; the first is soft, thick,
and fluffy; the latter is long, straight and coarse. The undercoat is shed once a year by
males, by intact females when they are in season, after delivering a litter, and during
times of stress.
The AKC recognizes thirteen colors or color combinations: black, black & tan, blue, blue
& tan, chocolate, chocolate & tan, cream, cream sable, orange, orange sable, red, red
sable, and sable. The dogs that have 2 or more colors (usually mostly white, with
others), are called "Parti-Color". The AKC also recognizes five "alternative" colors:
Beaver, brindle, chocolate sable, white, and wolf sable.
The Pomeranian is a very active dog who is intelligent, courageous, and a loyal
companion. Pomeranians can be trained to be good watchdogs by announcing
intruders with loud, sharp barks or yips. The Pomeranian easily adapts to life in the city,
and is an excellent dog for country living with its strong hunting instincts from its wild
The Pomeranian is a breed of dog in the spitz family, named for the Pomerania region
of Historical Eastern Germany, which is today part of northern Poland and part of
eastern Germany, and classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size. Originally
part of the German Spitz breed, and of the Zwergspitz, or Toy German Spitz,
designation, the breed as a whole did not fully exist until the 19th century.